Study Spanish Alphabet

If you have decided to study Spanish alphabet, we will tell you everything you need to know before doing it.

Study spanish alphabet is something basic to be able to fully learn and master the language, because this is what is going to form our communication system.

The Spanish alphabet is defined as a set of all its letters. When read it together, spellings are formed, and when they are structured in a certain order, words are formed, which is what we know today as our language.

Learning this is essential to be able to enter Spanish courses.

What do I need to know to study spanish alphabet?

When you study Spanish at any of the Spanish schools in Mexico in Alegre, you will know that the Spanish alphabet is made up of 27 letters, which in turn are divided into 5 vowels and 22 consonants, which we share with you below:

  • a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, ñ, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, and Z.

A few years ago the total number of letters in the Spanish alphabet was 29 words, because ch and ll were included. Currently, all Spanish schools in Mexico must teach this alphabet.


Another term that you will surely address in your Spanish classes since they are basic to understanding the Spanish alphabet are graphemes.

In linguistics, a grapheme is a letter. In this field, it is the name given to all the simple graphic signs that make up the orthographic system of a language, in this case Spanish.

So, a grapheme is a graphic unit in its lowest terms. Thanks to them the written sequence is composed. Why is it said to be a minimum unit? Because it can no longer be divided.

For example:

  • Grass
  • Flag
  • Towards


Also, in your Spanish courses you will learn what it is. Like the grapheme, a phoneme is a minimum unit, except that the phoneme refers to the phonological system of a language, in this case Spanish. Same case, it is the minimum unit since it cannot be divided.

A phoneme is the minimum articulation of a vowel sound and they are the base sound units that a language must have, in this case, Spanish.

Both the Spanish classes in Mexico City, as well as the Spanish courses in Oaxaca or Riviera Maya, will help you master the language perfectly.